How Optical Gas Imaging Tools Promote a Culture of Safety
Hazardous gas visualization provides actionable, shareable detail for personnel
SUMMARY When strengthening a culture of safety in an organization, the word “culture” we should also emphasis it as “safety.” Without organizational dedication, safety protocols or procedures can risk seeming secondary to the operation’s shared objective. But ultimately, safety must be a core value of any operation dealing with potentially hazardous gases. Buy-in from all levels helps prevent weak links where a serious lapse in safety might occur. Safety protects not only the practitioner of safety, but that employee’s coworkers and others as well. Upstream and downstream oil and gas operations, along with power plants and other industrial facilities, should partner with technology providers that emphasize safety.
SIGNIFICANCE OF SAFETY EQUIPMENT FOR CULTURE
The common safety practices depend upon safety equipment that operates within an area of relative unsafety. The wearable gas monitor is an important function in protecting workers, but it only warns of a danger once the person wearing it is standing in a cloud of gas. There are other technologies that allow operators to find an unsafe condition within a piece of equipment, but not all of these operate until the user is near the unsafe condition. This holds true for low-tech but prevalent safety tools: namely, the common soap bubble. In sum, these technologies and their results could send a cultural message that some risk is acceptable and perhaps inevitable, contradicting the message of safety.
Just as defined safety tools carry an apparent inevitability of personal risk, so do some routine safety tasks. One of an examples from the upstream oil and gas sector is the practice of tank gauging. Employees must reach a ladder and walk out onto a catwalk to extend a dipstick into the liquid. The worker stands directly over a tank, where a potentially high concentration of gas emissions may lurk undetected.
Downstream, the risk profile changes. Most of the hydrocarbon gases in refineries are more toxic than those present at upstream facilities. As a result, an employee who unknowingly enters an unsafe area could face more pronounced negative consequences, or negative effects in less time. A prominent method for detecting unsafe gas levels in this context are wearable gas monitors.
Even the most common safety monitoring equipment invites a level of uncertainty. A wearable gas detector begins to beep: Is the wearer at the edge of a gas cloud, or at its center? In which direction should the wearer go to get out of the hazardous area? More importantly for remedying unsafe conditions, where is the exact location of a leak? While these technologies may be good at detecting the presence of gas, they have their drawbacks. Using them could encourage, to some extent, a cultural feeling that close enough may be good enough.
GOING BEYOND TRADITIONAL USES FOR OPTICAL GAS IMAGING
Historically, OGI technology has been viewed through the lens of compliance. To meet regulatory parameters and identify emission sources, companies invested in OGI resources. Nowadays, more oil and gas leaders are adopting to a new strategy to voluntarily reduce emissions that affects climate change. The CEO-led Oil and Gas Climate Initiative, for example, includes thirteen major corporations. In the United States, the ONE Future Coalition has set a goal to reduce emissions to one percent by 2025 across the natural gas supply chain. OGI provides an effective and efficient leak detection technology for many gases targeted by these efforts, particularly methane. In this way, OGI contributes to operational safety and safeguards the environment
Utilities and oil and gas companies have begun inspecting components with OGI that do not fall under regulatory requirements to reduce emissions at more points. A partial driver of this broader role for OGI is a major reduction in the cost of high-quality imaging systems. Cooled infrared imaging devices, such as the FLIR GFx320 has led organizations to rethink the relationship of safety equipment to personnel. Traditionally, a Leak Detection and Repair (LDAR) team alone would use OGI, with the possibility that the Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) team might have access to the technology at some facilities. Now, the lower price-point of handheld OGI devices allows more workers, such as maintenance repair technicians, to utilize the “sixth sense” of gas detection, giving more members of an organization a valuable tool in evaluating the safety of their workplace.
THE INHERENT SAFETY OF DISTANCE
A main safety benefit that doubles as a safety culture benefit is the visual range of OGI cameras. Unlike other tools, an OGI camera offers the ability to visualize unsafe conditions from a safe distance. Equipped with OGI, refinery employees can judge whether an area contains a toxic gas build-up, sparing them exposure to the gas that would be required to set off a wearable, beeping gas monitor. Likewise, workers tasked with gauging large tanks can assess the emission characteristics of the tank before placing themselves in any potential cloud. With OGI, employees in this situation can easily scan in the direction of the wind flow, giving them the opportunity to select a safer position on the catwalk or, if no gas is visible, give an all-around “all clear” for safer measurement. OGI gives employees actionable, precise information about the hazards that exist in their immediate surroundings, without endangering personnel.
FLIR GFx320 Strengthens Safety Culture
The FLIR GFx320 enhances safety monitoring for oil and gas applications, but also strengthens an organization’s culture of safety. OGI protects personnel by showing the safety threat from a distance before a worker is in harm’s way. It empowers any user to establish the facts of an unsafe situation to seek a swift remedy. Plus, as more personnel carry the capability, more vigilant eyes can contribute to the safety of an operation. These benefits are not exclusive to upstream and downstream oil and gas facilities. The lower price-point of quality equipment allows new industries to make use of OGI as a tool for environmental stewardship and safety. In addition to the natural gas company, power plants that turn natural gas into electricity can use OGI to protect employees and operations from undetected leaks. Utility companies are now purchasing OGI cameras for this purpose, beyond using the technology for compliance only. In the same way, renewable energy companies can use OGI to monitor gas, locate leaks, and improve the culture of safety
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3VVbgl0409A&t=9s- Learn more about FLIR GFx320 explosive proof thermal camera
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0hMrEiVp-0&t=5s- Benefits of Thermography inspection on gas leak detection
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OsXXjZsWCaQ – The next generation on Gas Leak Detection- IRGAS Retina solution